What are the HSK Levels?
How many HSK levels are there?
What do I need to pass each HSK level?
How many Chinese characters do I need to learn to pass HSK1?
These are common questions we get asked a lot so here is a definitive guide to those.
When starting a course of Chinese study, it’s helpful to understand how the class levels are defined and divided. LTL uses the HSK/EU Classification System of Language Ability for all its courses.
The A1 course starts from complete beginner level, each HSK level takes 60 hours of small LTL group class to complete.
Take a free HSK vocabulary test to help plan for your level of study.
|HSK Level Upon Completion||LTL Course Name||Characters/Words Upon Completion||Language Ability Upon Completion|
|Definition According to the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages|
|HSK 1 Elementary||A1||Characters: 178||Can understand and use familiar Chinese everyday expressions and very basic phrases aimed at the satisfaction of needs of a concrete type. Can introduce him/herself and others and can ask and answer questions about personal details such as where he/she lives, people he/she knows and things he/she has. Can interact in a simple way provided the other person talks slowly and clearly and is prepared to help.|
|HSK 2 Elementary with Honors||A2||Characters: 349||Can understand sentences and frequently used Chinese expressions related to areas of most immediate relevance (e.g. very basic personal and family information, shopping, local geography, employment). Can communicate in simple and routine tasks requiring a simple and direct exchange of information on familiar and routine matters. Can describe in simple terms aspects of his/her background, immediate environment and matters in areas of immediate need.|
|HSK 2 to 3||B1||Characters: 485||Can understand and express basic life topics clearly and understands sentence patterns, like forming a question, comparing things or describing objects.|
|HSK 3 Intermediate with Honors||B1+||Characters: 623||Can understand the main points of clear standard input on familiar matters regularly encountered in work, school, leisure, etc. Can deal with most situations likely to arise whilst travelling in an area where the language is spoken. Can produce simple connected text on topics which are familiar or of personal interest. Can describe experiences and events, dreams, hopes & ambitions and briefly give reasons and explanations for opinions and plans.|
|HSK 4 Upper Intermediate||B2 to B2++||Characters: 1071||Can understand the main ideas of complex Chinese text on both concrete and abstract topics, including technical discussions in his/her field of specialisation. Can interact with a degree of fluency and spontaneity that makes regular interaction with native speakers quite possible without strain for either party. Can produce clear, detailed text on a wide range of subjects and explain a viewpoint on a topical issue giving the advantages and disadvantages of various options.|
|HSK 5 Advanced||C1 to C1+++||Characters: 1709||Can understand a wide range of demanding, longer mandarin texts, and recognise implicit meaning. Can express him/herself fluently and spontaneously without much obvious searching for expressions. Can use language flexibly and effectively for social, academic and professional purposes. Can produce clear, well-structured, detailed text on complex subjects, showing controlled use of organisational patterns, connectors and cohesive devices.|
|HSK 6 Advanced with Honors||C2 to C2+++++||Characters: 2633||Can understand with ease virtually everything heard or read. Can summarise information from different spoken and written sources of Chinese language, reconstructing arguments and accounts in a coherent presentation. Can express him/herself spontaneously, very fluently and precisely, differentiating finer shades of meaning even in the most complex situations.|